About Kenya

About Kenya

Kenya lies across the equator on the east of the African continent. Its neighboring countries include Ethiopia to the north, Somalia to east, Tanzania to south, Uganda to west and Sudan to northwest. It covers an area of 225,000 square miles, which includes around 5,251 square miles of inland water in the form of lakes.

The country can be divided into four main zones: the coastal belt, the Rift Valley, and central highlands, western Kenya, and northern and eastern Kenya. It consists of seven provinces: Coast, Central, Rift Valley, Nyanza, Western, North Eastern and Eastern.

Kenya’s population centers are concentrated in the southern portion of the country and along the coast. Nairobi is the capital city. Other major towns include Mombasa, Kenya’s main port on the Indian Ocean, Kisumu, Eldoret, Thika and Nakuru.

The country enjoys a varied climate ranging from the tropical to the temperate. The highlands above 5,000 feet have a temperate climate. Average temperatures at sea level are 78.9 degrees Fahrenheit. Forests are restricted to the upper levels of the highlands, which receive the most rainfall and plantations of conifers and wattle are limited to that area. Crop cultivation is carried out in the highlands and raising livestock is primarily located in the dry plains.

The most critical climatic factor affecting the country is the lack of rainfall. The rains come to the western part of the country in one long rainy season, while in the east there are two periods of rain, the long rains in March-May, and the short rains in September-October.